MONGOLIA INFORMATION
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Mongolia, the historic heartland of Asia's nomadic heritage and the "Land of the Great Blue Sky," sits totally landlocked in East Central Asia, strategically positioned between Russia to the north and China to the south. This sparsely populated nation, the ancient realm of Genghis Khan, is a land of geographic extremes and natural wonders that rival any in the world.



กก Northwest and northeast Mongolia is carpeted by great Siberian coniferous taiga forests, the largest forest system on earth. Northern Mongolia is the site of perhaps the second oldest lake in the world, the pristine, forty-million-year-old Lake Hozgol. Ranked as is the aquatic equivalent of a tropical rain forest in terms of its biodiversity, the water is clear enough to see fish at a depth of 30 feet. The massive Altai Mountain Range, which separates western Mongolia from China's Sinkiang Province, is a permanently snow-capped vista of jagged peaks with a magnificent glacier at Mt. Tsambagarav. About two-thirds of central and eastern Mongolia is covered by miles and miles of unbroken terrain similar to northeastern Colorado or Wyoming. These high-altitude grasslands, or steppes, represent the most extensive prairie lands remaining anywhere on earth. Finally, there is the world-reknowned Gobi , a spectacular combination of vast plains, majestic peaks and mountain ranges, and sand dunes and valleys that covers the southern 30% of Mongolia.

PHYSICAL SIZE Though it does not appear large in relation to its two giant neighbors, Mongolia occupies 1,565,000 sq km (604,247 sq mi) of East Central Asia, slightly less area than the States of New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, Arkansas and Mississippi combined (1,575,411 sq km / 608,266 sq mi).

HIGHEST ELEVATION LOWEST ELEVATION
Mongolia MT TAVABOGDO
4,374 m (14,350 ft) HOH NUUR
518 m (1,699 ft)
LAND BOUNDARIES Landlocked in East Central Asia, Mongolia shares an 8,114 km (5,042 mi) border with its two giant neighbors: a 3,441 km (2,138 mi) border with Russia to the north and a 4,673 km (2,904 mi) border in the west, east, and south with China.

SEA BOUNDARIES Mongolia has no coastline.

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